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Frequently Asked Questions

Inoculations

     

Q1)  What inoculations/vaccinations does my horse need?

Vaccination needs depend on the individual horse, how it's used, its age, its environment, and your geographic location.  Your veterinarian can help you plan the best vaccination program for your horse, but this is a start.

The following chart was taken from Equifacts: The Complete Horse Record Organizer.

Disease Foals Yearlings Adult Horses Broodmares
Tetanus 2-4 months 1st dose
Repeat in 3-4 weeks
Annual Annual Annual + 4-6 weeks prior to foaling
Encephalomyelitis
(EEE-WEE)
2-4 months 1st dose
Repeat in 3-4 weeks
Annual-Spring Annual-Spring Annual + 4-6 weeks prior to foaling
Influenza 3-6 months 1st dose
Repeat in 3-4 weeks
Booster every 3 mo.
3 month intervals 3 month intervals 6 month intervals with booster 4-6 weeks prior to foaling
Rhinopneumonitis
(EHV-1 & EHV-4)
2-4 months 1st dose
Repeat at 2-3 month intervals
3 month intervals 3 month intervals 5th, 7th, & 9th months pre-foaling
Rabies 2-4 months Annual Annual Annual
Strangles 2-3 months Biannual for high risk horses Biannual for high risk horses Biannual + 4-6 weeks pre-foaling
 
Potomac Horse Fever 2-4 months Biannual Biannual Biannual + 4-6 weeks pre-foaling
Botulism (Type B) 2 weeks - 8 months Check with Vet Check with Vet Series of 3 doses a month apart - final dose 2-4 weeks pre-foaling

In many parts of the United States, horseowners also vaccinate to protect their horses from West Nile Virus.  See Innoculations Question 2 for more information on this threat.

Back to Inoculations Index    

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